Knowledge acquisition process in Australia involves going through various educational stages. It starts with elementary or preparatory school, then primary, thereafter secondary and ends at the tertiary level which is the highest. Regulation work is done by individual states but funding is shared by federal and state agencies.
A brief overview
The learning system is well-structured and the formal process starts at the age of 5 although the actual enrollment age depends on the state you are in. Since it is a government policy that all kids must be enrolled, the responsible ministry focuses more on education’s quality and thus it employs enough teachers and invests heavily in related infrastructures.
Apart from public entities, other institutions are run by individuals but are required to be registered first to operate. At the college level, service is provided by the states and is optional.
Various educational levels
The school system in Australia consists of four stages:
- Secondary: junior, senior
This sector is not regulated as learning at this level is optional. Mostly, learning takes place in daycare facilities and in-home set-ups. The process is deemed as a socialization step rather than formal learning and that is why there is no regulatory intervention.
It is only in Western Australia that the program is implemented even in the primary set up. Though funds are meant for public schools, sometimes private institutions get little funding if teaching is done by registered specialists and if the yearly teaching time is more than 600 hours.
Primary school (Kindergarten or preparatory)
Each state has its own legislation specifying the age at which kids join school but in many areas, it is normally 5 and 6. For example, in Western Australia, Victoria, Northern Territory, South Australia, and Queensland, children join primary schools at the age of 6.
High school learning is compulsory and is offered both by private and government entities but the former must be registered with the government and all institutions irrespective of whether they are public or private, all must follow the curriculum set by their states. Most students complete at the age of 15 but in Tasmania at 16.
Nevertheless, schools in Australia are allowed to choose the uniform they prefer and thus uniforms differ across institutions.
Technical pieces of training here take place both in universities and in technical colleges and like in primary entities, any facility giving higher learning must be registered within the government.
As we speak, there are 40+ government universities, 2 international ones and 1 private in Australia. The largest of all is known as Monash University and hosts 75,000 students in its 5 campuses. In addition to universities, there are over 5,000 training institutions with over 3.8 million students.
These entities offer several courses with English-related subjects being the most popular one in Australia. The following are other popular courses offered:
- Computer sciences
So if you are on the way to choose the Australian institution that suits your level of education, you now have a guide.
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